To understand diabetes, it helps to understand what happens when you do not have diabetes. When you eat your food, much of it is broken down into a sugar called glucose. Glucose is fuel for your body cells. As glucose rises in the bloodstream, insulin is released into the bloodstream from the pancreas.
Insulin is a hormone that is made in the pancreas. The insulin attaches to your body cells and allows the glucose to pass into the cells. All this happens automatically when you do not have diabetes.Diabetes is a chronic condition that happens when the body cannot make enough insulin or cannot use insulin effectively.
In people with:
In either case, the result is that glucose builds up in the blood stream and the circulating glucose can cause damage that leads to diabetes-related complications.
Living with diabetes can affect your daily life but it is important to know that people with diabetes can lead a full and active life by learning to manage it.
Diabetes management includes: